Geography and people

Located in south Asia on the Ganges River delta, Bangladesh borders the Bay of Bengal, India and Myanmar. Around 155 million people live here, making it the 9th most populous countries in the world, and one of the most densely populated countries.

Bangladesh sits in one of the most disaster-prone areas of the world. Frequent cyclones and floods have killed thousands and impeded economic growth for decades.

About 45 percent of the population works in agriculture, growing rice, wheat, sugarcane, potatoes as well as other crops. Natural resources include arable land, coal, natural gas and timber.

Most of the population consider themselves Bengali. Bangla, often known as Bengali, is the official language. English is also spoken.



Life expectancy

Life expectancy

Literacy rate

Literacy rate

Access to safe water

Access to safe water

Average annual income

Average annual income

School enrollment

School enrollment

Fast facts


Frequent cyclones and floods, devastating in their impact, have damaged crop production and increased food insecurity. UNICEF (2012) estimates that over 40% children aged under five suffer from stunting due to malnutrition.


About 43 percent of the population live below the poverty line (UNICEF, 2012).


The drastic rise in sea levels predicted due to climate change has the potential to displace almost 20 million people and put a fifth of the country under water by 2050.

Our focus in Bangladesh

World Vision is committed to partnering with the people of Bangladesh to improve their lives today and to help deliver sustainable solutions for the future of their children, families and communities. Our child sponsorship programme plays a vital role in this partnership, with donors from the United Kingdom sponsoring over 6,375 girls and boys (as of April 2014) across four community projects. In addition to sponsorship, World Vision operates other programmes that benefit communities in Bangladesh.

Highlights of our work include:

Teaching mothers about the benefits of breastfeeding and running nutrition sessions to reduce malnutrition among young children.

Offering courses for women in reading, writing, bookkeeping, simple accounting and loans management.

Implementing community agricultural programmes ranging from raising crops and livestock to pond fishing and fruit farming.

Encouraging parents to support their children's attendance at primary schools with special programmes.

Our Achievements in Bangladesh

World Vision’s work began in Bangladesh (then known as East Pakistan) in 1970 following a flood and cyclone disaster. Since then, some of World Vision’s major accomplishments include:

Eco Development

Economic Development

Helping people rebuild their homes after the civil war with West Pakistan after 1971.


Providing food, clothing, housing, medical services and rebuilding assistance for people affected by floods since the 1980s.

Child Rights

Forming child forums where children can learn about their rights and become instigators of change since the turn of the century.


Working with mothers to encourage breastfeeding and run training sessions to teach them how to prepare balanced and nutritious meals for their children since 2010.


 Pray for our work in Bangladesh »