Geography and people

Armenia sits between the Black and Caspian Seas on the crossroads of Europe and Asia. Georgia, Iran, Azerbaijan and Turkey border this small, landlocked and mountainous country.

Lake Sevan, located in eastern Armenia, is one of the largest high-altitude lakes in the world. The lake is a popular tourist spot, as well as a source of electricity, water for irrigation and fish.

The country has two extremes of weather with winter temperatures falling to -20°C and summer temperatures reaching 40°C.

Natural resources include small deposits of gold, copper, zinc and bauxite.

About 98 percent of Armenia’s population is ethnic Armenian. Most people speak the official language of Armenian, although Yezidis (Kurds) and Russians living here speak their own languages.



Life expectancy

Life expectancy

Literacy rate

Literacy rate

Access to safe water

Access to safe water

Average annual income

Average annual income

School enrollment

School enrollment

Fast facts


Armenia's transition from the former Soviet centralised system to a market economy has led to a severe drop in living standards and a rise in poverty as the country deindustrialised and moved to small-scale subsistence farming.


About 17 percent (CIA Factbook, 2012) of the workforce is unemployed, and this would be higher were it not for the large numbers of men who leave Armenia to search for work in Russia and other countries.


Armenians' limited access to healthcare leaves them struggling with serious health issues like HIV/AIDS. Children often suffer from sickness caused by cold, moisture and dust.


In both rural and urban areas, primary school enrolment is high, but many children leave secondary school in order to help their families in the fields. The economy was hit hard in the recession in 2009, and enrolment has been dropping in recent years.

Our focus in Armenia

World Vision is committed to partnering with the people of Armenia to improve their lives today and to help deliver sustainable solutions for the future of their children, families and communities. Our child sponsorship programme plays a vital role in this partnership, with donors from the United Kingdom sponsoring over 4,294 girls and boys (as of April 2014) across three community projects. In addition to sponsorship, World Vision operates other programmes that benefit communities in Armenia.

Highlights of our work include:

Assisting communities to develop disaster preparedness programmes.

Working with school councils, parents and student councils to improve the quality of education and give support to those who are most vulnerable.

Ensuring community members are aware of their rights to free healthcare and supporting health professionals to improve standards.

Improving child protection mechanisms in the community and training social workers to support vulnerable families.

Our Achievements in Armenia

World Vision’s child sponsorship work in Armenia began in 1988 after a devastating earthquake. Since then, some of World Vision’s major accomplishments include:

Helping families

Providing food staples and blankets to struggling families after Armenia’s independence in 1991.

Food security

Delivering donated food to thousands of hungry people and improving houses for hundreds of families during the early 1990s.

Eco Development

Eco Development

Offering small loans and business training to small and medium-sized business owners since the late 1990s.


Improving mother and child nutrition, HIV and AIDS prevention and disaster relief since 2000.


Pray for our work in Armenia »